What should you do about rosacea? Rosacea is a chronic skin condition impacting about 5% of the world’s population, which is more common in women than in men and is often mistaken for acne. This disorder is triggered by genetics, which is why it occurs in so many people. On the other hand, environmental and lifestyle factors can affect them as well.
– How common is rosacea?
The National Rosacea Society estimates that 14 million Americans have rosacea. That’s an estimated one in every 10 adults. However, there is some uncertainty around that estimate. In 2012, a study published in JAMA Dermatology showed that only 2 percent of dermatologists had seen rosacea patients in their practice during the prior year; 44 percent had never encountered a case of rosacea before and 36 percent saw fewer than five cases per year. This suggests that while it is possible rosacea is more common than once thought, many people who have it don’t see a doctor about it or are misdiagnosed by their doctor. So how do you know if you have rosacea? Here are six expert tips for self-diagnosis
– What are the symptoms of rosacea?
Typical of rosacea are background redness and blood vessels visible close to the skin’s surface; there may also be rosy red bumps that contain pus (but are not sebaceous cysts, blackheads, or whiteheads). swelling of the nose and redness of the eyes are common in men, while eye redness and discomfort are typical for women. One may exhibit a mixture of these symptoms or just one, typically in the middle of the face.
Symptoms that rosacea sufferers can experience is a burning and stinging sensation even in harmless cosmetics. The skin’s protective layer may also be impaired due to increased skin cell turnover which contributes to its dry appearance. Rosacea may affect people of all skin types, but it mostly affects those who are fair-skinned.
– What causes rosacea?
Even though rosacea is genetically passed down to an individual, it can be brought on by other factors. Typically, they have less tolerant skin and are more susceptible to inflammatory reactions. For example, ultraviolet radiation causes inflammation in those with rosacea.
Rosacea can also be triggered by tiny, eight-legged parasites known as Demodex mites. These mites live deep within the follicles of our hair follicles or pores. People who are prone to acne may see their condition worsen if these mites overpopulate the area around the follicle and cause inflammation that leads to redness and irritation of the skin. Other people who experience prolonged periods of facial blushing (which often accompanies rosacea) will find that their skin becomes sensitive and inflamed when exposed to sunlight. In extreme cases, exposure to cold temperatures may even trigger inflammation leading to redness, dry patches, pimples, and enlarged pores. So what can you do about it? Here are six expert tips for treating rosacea below.
– Why are facial redness and flushing a sign of potential problems with your skin, including rosacea?
No one knows exactly what causes rosacea, but its symptoms are thought to be caused by small blood vessels in your skin dilating and leaking fluid. As a result, facial redness and flushing appear on areas of your face with thin skin—around your nose, eyes, cheeks, and chin. If you have rosacea (which affects 16 million Americans), heat or any type of physical or emotional trigger may cause facial redness and flushing in these areas of your face. Hot drinks or foods can also trigger flushing due to their temperature or ingredients like peppermint. Alcoholic beverages are another common trigger; because alcohol itself is a vasodilator, drinking alcohol increases blood flow in general and will make rosacea symptoms worse.
– Is everyone who gets flushing automatically at risk for developing rhinophyma or other signs of advanced disease?
The answer is no. Flushing—which is called erythema when it’s just on your face and also appears on your chest, neck, arms, and/or back—is a common symptom of rosacea that affects an estimated 16 million Americans (1 in 10 adults). Flushing can come and go in certain individuals and may not be evident all of the time. In these instances, diagnosis may be challenging because some people will look perfectly normal between flare-ups. This is especially true for those who have mild rosacea. However, if you have moderate or severe rosacea (based on persistent flushing or persistent redness in addition to other symptoms), there will likely be some visible signs as well.
– How does someone get diagnosed with rosacea?
If you’re concerned about redness or blushing, talk with your dermatologist. She can rule out more common causes of facial redness, such as sun damage or an allergic reaction. But if she thinks you might have rosacea, she’ll probably recommend you see a dermatologist who specializes in that condition. One way dermatologists test for rosacea is by applying a gentle solution of water and glycerin—known as rose water—to your face. Then they take pictures using a special light called Wood’s lamp.
– Can anything be done about sun damage and wrinkles caused by facial flushing and redness from blood vessels expanding in a patient’s face from symptoms of this disease, as well as improving their overall appearance while they’re in treatment for their acne, too.
Getting rid of facial redness and flushing can help many patients improve their overall appearance. Some medications cause facial redness and flushing, so ask your dermatologist if your acne medication could be causing your symptoms. If it is, they can recommend an alternative that’s less likely to make you flush or turn red. Also, keeping skin moist will help minimize irritation, which can help reduce flushing. Ask your dermatologist about using a moisturizer in addition to a topical treatment for acne.