So, what is damaged hair?
Damaged hair is when the hair cuticles are injured, which means the cortex can be seen and this will degrade the structural integrity of the hair.
The hair has three layers: the innermost layer, the second layer which is made up of keratin fibers and melanin, and the outer layer which is composed of dead, overlapping cells.
Healthy hair is one with smooth and tightly attached cuticles, keeping moisture in and safeguarding the interior layers. When other circumstances, such as overexposure to UV rays and pollution, intervene, that can change. As a result, the hair becomes frizzy, unmanageable, and prone to breakage.
You might notice weathering of the hair shaft and a change in hair texture because of things like grooming habits, chemical treatments, and environmental exposure. That causes hair to break more easily.
When hair is overexposed to heat, the outside cuticle is lifted and it becomes less intact, causing it to no longer lie flat. Over time, it can lead to weak and damaged hair shafts.
Different types of hair damage
The most common cause of damage is breakage. If your ends look a little ragged or frayed, it might be time to visit your stylist for a trim. She can cut off just a few inches (or centimeters) to even out your length and get rid of split ends once and for all. You can also reduce future breakage by avoiding heated styling tools (blow dryers, flat irons). The high heat that they emit can be devastating to hair fibers. A temporary solution is to use hydrating and repairing serums on the damaged hair ends.
If you trim your hair every four weeks, you’ll remove split ends.
One of the leading causes of hair damage is exposure to high amounts of chemicals. This type of damage is difficult to treat because it can already be found in most shampoos and conditioners. If you still want to use these products, follow them up with a deep conditioning treatment that utilizes natural oils that will prevent further damage from occurring. Deep condition your hair at least once a week as using harsh products will only accelerate damage if not properly taken care of.
Be sure to consult a hairstylist to determine if your hair type is right for the treatment.
To protect your hair, don’t apply multiple treatments in succession.
What one needs to use are products, such as leave-in conditioners, to maintain and protect the hair.
Deep conditioning is a necessity to nourish and hydrate the hair.
#Sun/ Environmental Damage
Exposure to sunlight can make hair dry and brittle. If you feel like your hair looks dull or discolored, despite regular shampooing, you may need a strong conditioner or mask. You can also buy products with UV protectants to shield your hair from additional damage. Don’t forget that hair color fades quickly in direct sunlight. in the event that you are spending an extended period of time outdoors, make sure to always wear a hat so that your hair is well-protected. Hot weather may cause hair to be static and frizzy while cold weather may cause static and flyaways, or even irreparable damage to your hair cuticles.
It’s helpful to use a serum or spray containing silicone in order to get the flyaways under control and stop the frizz. Anti-humidity sprays are also useful in this regard because they protect the hair and give it more shine.
Hair damage is caused by exposure to excessive heat. While styling tools like flat irons and curling irons don’t get hot enough to cause significant damage on their own, they can be a contributing factor when used regularly. If your hair is fine or thinning in some areas, avoid using these tools more than once every two weeks or so. Use heat protectant products before styling with heat if you notice your mane starting to thin in any area.
To avoid damaging the hair, one should –
- use heat tools sparingly.
- Apply a heat protectant or thermal styler before using heat styling tools.
- Minimize high temperatures to keep the process at its optimum level.
- Drag the styling tool from section to section. Do not leave it in one place for too long.
Possible reasons for damaged hair
Hair damage and breakage tend to happen when a person exposes their hair to harsh conditions or over-styling practices.
These practices include:
- use of heated styling tools, such as blow dryers, flat irons, or hot combs
- chemical processing including perms, coloring, and bleaching
- overexposure to the sun and swimming pool chemicals
- infrequent hair trimming
- lack of conditioning
- brushing too often
In some cases, medical conditions can damage hair:
Malnutrition: According to 2015 research, a person’s nutritional health has links to the quality of their hair. Vitamins A and B-12, folate, selenium, and iron may affect hair quality.
Hormones: Hormone imbalances can cause a person’s hair to become thin or weak. Both polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and menopause can cause a person’s hair to become thinner.
Thyroid disease: Hypothyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid is unable to produce enough thyroid hormones, can cause thinning hair, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Autoimmune disorders: Autoimmune connective tissue diseases, such as lupus and scleroderma, can cause a person’s hair to become fragile and thin.
Ways to treat damaged Hair
- To maintain healthy hair, get regular haircuts and avoid styles that cause damage like heat and chemical treatments.
- It is necessary to trim hair up to the point where the hair shaft is split in order to remove split hair.
If you don’t trim your split ends, they will go up the hair shaft to eventually cause broken, damaged hair.
However, if the hair has minimal damage, a series of treatments may suffice to reduce the damage and get it back to its pre-damaged state.
- Wash your hair at least twice a week to remove dead skin cells, dirt, oil, and dandruff.
- Clean your hair with glycerin-based shampoos and conditioners.
- Start treating your hair with deep conditioning treatments, like a hair mask, on a weekly basis.
- Make use of detanglers, serums, and leave-in conditioners, as these products provide multiple benefits such as oil control, enhancing shine, and smoothing the hair. These styling aids also protect your hair from damage and reduce frizz.
If you massage your scalp with a nourishing oil on a weekly basis, you can expect a circulation boost, healthier hair, and shinier strands.
It’s important to get haircuts to keep split ends from snagging and to keep hair from becoming too damaged.
- Do not buy products with sulfates, parabens, alcohol, synthetic dyes, and fragrances.