Plastic surgery can be dangerous because some complications can arise, such as infection, thrombosis, or rupture of the stitches. But these complications are more frequent in people who have chronic illnesses, anemia, or take anticoagulants such as Warfarin and Aspirin, for example.
In addition, there is a greater chance of complications when the surgery lasts more than 2 hours, in the case of general anesthesia or when major surgery is performed, such as abdominoplasty followed by breast prosthesis and gluteal graft for example. Some of the main risks of plastic surgery include:
Hematoma and purple spots
The development of a hematoma is the most common complication of plastic surgery, which occurs due to the accumulation of blood in the operated area, causing swelling and pain. In addition, purple spots can also appear because blood vessels rupture during surgery.
These complications can appear in all plastic surgeries, being frequent in surgeries to correct the eyelids, such as blepharoplasty, facial lifting, or liposuction.
Although they are common complications and with low risk, they are in most cases easily treated with the use of ice or application of ointments such as Trombofob or Hirudoid, for example, and they disappear slowly until 2 weeks after the surgery.
Accumulation of liquid
When there is swelling, reddened skin, pain, and a feeling of fluctuation at the scar site, a complication called seroma may be developing.
To avoid this complication, it is essential to use a bandage, brace, or compressive dressing in the postoperative period, rest, and use a drain to remove excess liquid.
Opening the stitches
The opening of the stitches or staples can cause dehiscence, which is when the edges of the tissues that are joined are separated, and the risk of developing an infection is greater, and the healing time increases.
This complication can arise when the person performs excessive movements in the postoperative period, not complying with the rest recommended by the doctor, and is more common in surgeries in the belly, such as abdominoplasty.
The risk of infection is more common around the scar, but an internal infection can also occur, causing symptoms such as swelling, pain, fever, and pus. In addition, in the case of surgeries where the application of silicone prostheses is performed, such as breast augmentation, prosthesis rejection may occur, resulting in an infection that must be treated with the use of medications indicated by the doctor.
When thrombus or clot formation occurs, it is normal to experience swelling and severe pain in the legs, especially in the calf, as well as shiny and purplish skin and, if not treated quickly, the clots can move to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism, a serious situation, which can be fatal.
The appearance of thick, deformed scars and keloids can occur after any plastic surgery, but they are more common the bigger the scar. In addition, lumps can also develop under the skin, which is caused by the formation of hard tissue in the area, which pulls the skin.
In some cases, retractable scars can appear, which is when the skin pulls inwards and creates a hole in the operated area. The best ways to treat deformed scars are through aesthetic physiotherapy sessions or having a new plastic surgery to correct the scar.
The loss of sensation of the operated region and on top of the scar may occur due to the swelling of the region; however, this sensation will diminish with the passage of time.
In addition to these 7 complications of plastic surgery, necrosis can also occur, which is the death of tissues due to lack of blood and oxygen and organ perforation; however, these complications are rarer and are related to the plastic surgeon’s inexperience.